If you woke up with weird bites and you can’t stop scratching, you’ve probably been bitten by bedbugs. Tiny, very annoying bugs that can colonize entire environments in a matter of weeks. You can confuse their bite with that of mosquitoes, because bedbugs leave showy bites on all exposed body parts. You don’t know how they got into the house, but every night they come out of their burrows to suck your blood.
Often, when you return from a trip, you inadvertently pack a few specimens or a few bug eggs and this is all that triggers an uncontrolled infestation. Even your neighbours may be unaware that they are migrating to your home because of used repellents that cause them to move around and colonise new environments. The use of repellents is, in fact, the biggest mistake that can be made, as it makes an infestation uncontrollable and can be located, circumscribed and eradicated within minutes.
In this guide we will illustrate some simple do-it-yourself remedies that, with a little patience and a little Napisan or Cymina Plus, will allow you to get rid of bedbugs quickly and permanently. You won’t need to go to expensive specialized companies because the products they use are normally on the market even for private individuals, even if in smaller concentrations. The best bedbug insecticides are available in online shops and in some specialized centers at a good price.
Remedies to eliminate bedbugs
Years ago, very effective products were used to eliminate bedbugs, but now these insects have developed a good resistance to these insecticides, this is the case with pyrethrin and pyrethroids.
Some strains of bedbugs have acquired an immunization to this substance which is no longer valid as an insecticide. Pyrethroids have only a repellent effect on these specimens, and the use of these products can only aggravate infestation. These substances, in fact, disperse the numerous colonies throughout the house making pest control even more complicated.
At the moment, to solve the problem, you have 3 possibilities: you can turn to specialized personnel, use natural remedies or use the new insecticides.
If you want to follow the biological and naturalist track we can suggest a very useful guide to eradicate bedbugs with natural methods, while in case you want to choose the do-it-yourself route, we can guide you and make the operation easier.
Today some insecticides for bedbugs are available on the market, even with pyrethroid and pyrethrine resistant ones. These products are the same as those used by pest control companies and the results are guaranteed.
How the bedbugs arrived
This bug has followed man since the dawn of time, and was also known to the Greeks (Koris) and Romans (Cimex). Moreover, the chronicles of the Second World War described the discomfort of families and soldiers who were forced to live with their stings without being able to eradicate them.
In the immediate post-war period, the use of DDT almost completely eliminated this parasite. The powerful insecticide was used almost everywhere in the home and in clothing until the harmful effects on health and damage to the environment were discovered.
Until the 1980s there was no news of bedbugs until two events occurred: the introduction of central heating and the increasing mobility of people and goods around the globe.
This created the ideal conditions for the reproduction and spread of these insects and since then their growth has been unstoppable.
The most affected, in fact, are regular travellers who often carry a few larvae or bugs in their suitcases, but also those who live in dwellings without major temperature fluctuations.
It seems strange but, while in the past infestations were a sign of degradation and poverty, today they seem to show wealth and prosperity.
Unlike other species, the bedbug lurks inside your house and near the areas where you sleep. At night, it attacks you by stinging you to feed on your blood.
Of all the species of bedbugs, the bedbug is one that doesn’t fly. On closer inspection, the bedbug has small wings called hemieliters that do not allow it to fly or jump. So don’t worry if you see any flying bugs, you’re definitely not dealing with bedbugs.
Please note that, even if they cannot fly, bed bugs can migrate from one room to another by moving as much as 20 meters. Changing where you sleep does not solve the problem, but simply moves it.
Bugs live in your hair?
This is an urban legend that we have collected in our article: Bedbugs, myths to debunk. These bedbugs don’t live on your body, much less in your hair.
These bugs move around your body at night and sting the most accessible and uncovered parts to suck your blood and do so for no longer than 15 minutes. You can find them in your hair, but as soon as they have finished their meal, they return to their shelter around you, to start again in the following days.
Where they hide
These bugs hide in all the ravines near your bed, preferring non synthetic materials such as wood, paper and fabric. You can find colonies of bedbugs everywhere: mattress edging, wooden slats, wooden bed feet, holes in surfaces, curtains, paintings, etc..
Any place is a great hiding place for bedbugs as long as it is close to you. Finding them is not difficult, just follow their stings, if the marks are on the feet, then it is likely that they have found refuge in the footboard of the bed.
Usually, bedbug bites are not dangerous, but this depends on the immune reaction of each subject. Some people do not have any kind of reaction, while others have experienced uncontrollable redness and itching.
To find out if you have been stung by these bugs you should check whether the stings are spread randomly on the skin or follow a line. These bugs sting repeatedly and advance following a straight or curved line on the skin, this habit allows you to understand who you are dealing with.
From the picture you can see the difference between common body lice (P) and bedbugs (C) at various stages of their development.
In addition, the presence of drops or small strips of blood on the sheets is a fairly significant indicator of the presence of these beings.
Returning to the dangerousness of the bite, we can state that the correlation between the insect bite and the transmission of diseases to humans has not yet been demonstrated, while the transmission of Chagas disease to laboratory mice is certain.
However, being bitten by the bedbug is not a phenomenon to be underestimated and we recommend that you take the appropriate precautions for the disinfestation of the premises in which you live.
Bedbug eggs are similar to a bean, almost transparent in colour with greyish pearl nuances. The length of the eggs is about 1 mm with a small opening at one end.
A female can lay up to 300 eggs during her lifetime, which under ideal temperature conditions (25°C) hatch in just over a week. These larvae are already operational, but cannot yet reproduce until they are fully mature.
From the hatching of the eggs, in fact, from 45 to 60 days pass during which the larva goes through 5 moulting phases. To overcome this slow growth process, it must continuously feed on your blood and live at optimal temperatures (below 50°C).